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 Description of wudoo

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somaiah4



Posts : 2
Join date : 2009-04-15

PostSubject: Description of wudoo   Wed Apr 15, 2009 12:03 pm

hi


Description of wudoo’







Q: please oh brothers could you please tell me how a
woman could perform wudu for my wife and also could you please tell me how to
say ayat al kursi in arabic words but english text as i'm yearning to learn the
beautiful ayat which the almighty has mentioned so much about him self. please
please could you answer this one asmy heart is yearning for it.
may allah
bless our beloved prophet and his family and his
companions.

A: Praise be to Allaah.


Firstly we praise Allaah for having guided you and opened your heart. We
ask Allaah to make us and you steadfast in obeying Him. We appreciate your
efforts to learn about your religion and we advise you to strive to acquire
knowledge so that your worship will be correct. Try to learn Arabic so that you
will be able to read Qur’aan and understand it properly. We ask Allaah to bless
you with beneficial knowledge.

With regard to how wudoo’ is to
be done, there are two ways.

1 – Obligatory
parts of wudoo’, which are as follows:

(i) Washing the face completely
once, which includes rinsing the mouth and nose.

(ii) Washing the arms up
to the elbows, once.

(iii) Wiping the entire head, including the
ears.

(iv) Washing the feet up to ankles, once.

What is meant by
once in all the above is that the entire part of the body mentioned must be
washed thoroughly.

(v) This must be done in order, so one washes the face
first, then the arms, then wipes the head, then washes the feet, because the
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did wudoo’ in this
order.

(vi) This must be done continuously, i.e., the parts of the body
must be washed one after the other with no lengthy interruption between washing
one part and the next.

These are the obligatory parts of wudoo’ which
must be done in order for wudoo’ to be sound.

The evidence for these
obligatory parts of wudoo’ is the aayah in which Allaah says (interpretation of
the meaning):
“O you who believe! When you intend to offer As-Salaah (the
prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by
passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to the ankles. If
you are in a state of Janaaba (i.e. after a sexual discharge), purify yourselves
(bathe your whole body). But if you are ill or on a journey, or any of you comes
after answering the call of nature, or you have been in contact with women (i.e.
sexual intercourse), and you find no water, then perform Tayammum with clean
earth and rub therewith your faces and hands. Allaah does not want to place you
in difficulty, but He wants to purify you, and to complete His Favour to you
that you may be thankful” [al-Maa’idah 5].
{يَا
أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ إِذَا قُمْتُمْ إِلَى الصَّلاةِ فاغْسِلُواْ
وُجُوهَكُمْ وَأَيْدِيَكُمْ إِلَى الْمَرَافِقِ وَامْسَحُواْ بِرُؤُوسِكُمْ
وَأَرْجُلَكُمْ إِلَى الْكَعْبَينِ وَإِن كُنتُمْ جُنُباً فَاطَّهَّرُواْ وَإِن
كُنتُم مَّرْضَى أَوْ عَلَى سَفَرٍ أَوْ جَاء أَحَدٌ مَّنكُم مِّنَ الْغَائِطِ أَوْ
لاَمَسْتُمُ النِّسَاء فَلَمْ تَجِدُواْ مَاء فَتَيَمَّمُواْ صَعِيداً طَيِّباً
فَامْسَحُواْ بِوُجُوهِكُمْ وَأَيْدِيكُم مِّنْهُ مَا يُرِيدُ اللّهُ لِيَجْعَلَ
عَلَيْكُم مِّنْ حَرَجٍ وَلَـكِن يُرِيدُ لِيُطَهَّرَكُمْ وَلِيُتِمَّ نِعْمَتَهُ
عَلَيْكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ}
Transliteration: Yā 'Ayyuhā
Al-Ladhīna 'Āmanū 'Idhā Qumtum 'Ilá Aş-Şalāati Fāghsilū Wujūhakum Wa
'Aydiyakum 'Ilá Al-Marāfiqi Wa Amsaĥū Biru'ūsikum Wa 'Arjulakum
'Ilá Al-Ka`bayni Wa 'In Kuntum Junubāan Fa Aţţahharū Wa 'In Kuntum
Marđá 'Aw `Alá Safarin 'Aw Jā'a 'Aĥadun Minkum Mina
Al-Ghā'iţi 'Aw Lāmastumu An-Nisā' Falam Tajidū Mā'an Fatayammamū Şa`īdāan
Ţayyibāan Fāmsaĥū Biwujūhikum Wa 'Aydīkum Minhu Mā Yurīdu Allāhu Liyaj`ala
`Alaykum Min Ĥarajin Wa Lakin Yurīdu Liyuţahhirakum Waliyutimma Ni`matahu
`Alaykum La`allakum Tashkurūna

2 – Mustahabb parts of
wudoo’. These were narrated in the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him), the details of which are as follows:

(i) You must
have the intention of purifying yourself and removing impurity. The intention
should not be spoken out loud for its place is in the heart. This applies to all
acts of worship.

(ii) You should say Bismillaah.

(iii) Then you
should wash your hands three times

(iv) Then you should rinse your mouth
three times, swirling the water around inside your mouth, and rinse your nose
three times, blowing the water out and using the left hand to remove the water
from your nose.

(v) You should wash you face three times, from the
hairline to the jawbone and chin, and from ear to ear. A man should wash the
hair of his beard because it is part of the face. If his beard is thin he has to
wash it inside and out, and if it is thick and covers the skin, he should wash
the surface of it only and run his wet fingers through it.

(vi) Then he
should wash his arms up to the elbows three times. The arm extends from the
fingertips, including the nails, to the lower part of the upper arm. It is
essential to remove anything stuck to the hands before washing them, such as
dough, mud, paint, etc, that could prevent the water from reaching the
skin.

(vii) Then after that he should wipe his head and ears once with
fresh water, not the water left over from washing his arms. The way in which the
head is to be wiped is that you put your wet hands at the front of your head and
bring them to the back of your head, then bring them back to the place where you
started. Then put your index fingers in your ears and wipe the back of the ears
with your thumbs. With regard to a woman’s hair, she should wipe it whether it
is loose or braided from the front of her head to the roots of the hair at the
nape of her neck, but she does not have to wipe the entire length of her
hair.

(viii) Then you should wash your feet three times up to the ankles,
namely the bones at the bottom of the leg.

The evidence for that is the
hadeeth narrated by Humraan the freed slave of ‘Uthmaan, who said that ‘Uthmaan
ibn ‘Affaan (may Allaah be pleased with him) called for water to do wudoo’. He
washed his hands three times, then he rinsed his mouth and nose, then he washed
his face three times, then he washed his right arm up to the elbow three times,
then he washed his left arm likewise. Then he wiped his head, then he washed his
right foot up to the ankle three times, then he washed his left foot likewise.
Then he said, “I saw the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him) doing wudoo’ as I have done it, then the Messenger of Allaah (peace
and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, «Whoever does
wudoo’ as I have done it, then prays two rak’ahs in which he focuses completely
on his prayer, his previous sins will be forgiven»” [Narrated by Muslim,
al-Tahaarah, 331].

The conditions of wudoo are: being
Muslim, being of sound mind, having reached the age of discernment and having
the intention of doing wudoo’. Wudoo’ is not valid on the part of a kaafir, an
insane person, a small child who has not yet reached the age of discernment or
one who does not have the intention of doing wudoo’ because his intention is to
cool himself down, for example. The water must also be pure (taahir), for impure
(naajis) water cannot be used for wudoo’. One must also remove anything that
could prevent water from reaching the skin and nails, such as nail polish.


It is prescribed to say Bismillaah according to the majority of
scholars, but they differ as to whether it is obligatory or Sunnah. If one
remembers to say it, it may be said either at the beginning of wudoo’ or during
it.

There is no difference between men and women in the way wudoo’
should be done.

It is mustahabb to say, when one has completed wudoo’:
“Ashhadu an laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wahdahu laa shareeka lah, wa ashhadu anna
Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasooluhu (I bear witness that there is no god except
Allaah alone with no partner or associate, and I bear witness that Muhammad is
the Messenger of Allaah),” because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him) said: «There is no one among you who does wudoo’
and does it properly and does it well, then he says, ‘Ashhadu an laa ilaaha
ill-Allaah wahdahu laa shareeka lah, wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa
rasooluhu,’ but the gates of Paradise will be opened to him and he may enter
through whichever of them he wishes» [Narrated by Muslim, al-Tahaarah],
345). A report narrated by al-Tirmidhi adds: «Allaahumma
ij’alni min al-tawwaabeena wa’j’alni min al-mutatahhireen (O Allaah, make me one
of those who repent and make me one of those who purify themselves)»
[al-Tahaarah, 50; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan Abi Dawood,
no. 48].

(See al-Mulakhkhas al-Fiqhi by al-Fawzaan,
1/36)

With regard to your saying “may Allaah have mercy on the
Prophet “, what is prescribed in Islam is to send blessings and peace upon him,
as Allaah commanded us to do when He said (interpretation of the meaning):

“Allaah sends His Salaah (Graces, Honours, Blessings, Mercy) on the Prophet
(Muhammad), and also His angels (ask Allaah to bless and forgive him). O you who
believe! Send your Salaah on (ask Allaah to bless) him (Muhammad), and (you
should) greet (salute) him with the Islamic way of greeting (salutation, i.e.
As-Salaamu ‘Alaykum)” [al-Ahzaab 33].
{إِنَّ اللَّهَ
وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا
صَلُّوا عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيماً}
Transliteration: 'Inna Allāha
Wa Malā'ikatahu Yuşallūna `Alá An-Nabīyi Yā 'Ayyuhā Al-Ladhīna 'Āmanū
Şallū `Alayhi Wa Sallimū Taslīmāan

And Allaah knows best.
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PostSubject: Re: Description of wudoo   Wed Apr 15, 2009 7:47 pm

Gazzak allah kharan
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